A Tangled Case – Turkey’s Status under the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement

Autore: Michael Schneider

In a press conference after the G20 summit in Hamburg, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced that Turkey would be less inclined to ratify the Paris Agreement. Erdoğan conditioned the ratification of the climate treaty on continued financial and technological support for Turkey under the Paris Agreement. This statement might be linked to the ongoing diplomatic tensions between Turkey and Germany as an attempt to undermine the successful image of the G20 meeting. More likely, however, is that this strategy has to be seen in light of the intricate relationship of Turkey and the UNFCCC. As an OECD founding member, Turkey was burdened with considerable obligations in 1992, when the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change was adopted. Thus, Turkey has undertaken diplomatic efforts to achieve a re-classification under the UNFCCC. These have been partly successful and seem to be justified to a certain extent considering Turkey’s state of development. However, the present request for continued support contradicts the usual rhetoric of Turkey and seems questionable in light of the low ambition of the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of Turkey.